Gum disease is a complex dental problem that can easily destroy your smile. It is, in fact, so complex that there are two different stages to the disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. To help you know more about these stages, our Advanced Dental Care team has provided the following information:
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, and it begins when the plaque on your teeth camp out on your smile for a long period of time. This generally occurs when you avoid your dental cleanings and six month checkups. The plaque continues to grow on your teeth and it irritates your gums. This may cause your gums to bleed each time you eat food or brush your teeth. If the plaque remains on your smile, it can progress to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the stage that involves your gums pulling away from your teeth. The gums do this because they are extremely irritated by the overgrowth of plaque. When the gums recede, they create pockets. Throughout time, these pockets tend to collect debris and bacteria and it creates an infection. Later, the plaque moves below the gumline and the toxins begin to deteriorate the underlying bone. When this happens, your teeth become loose and they can eventually fall out of place.
Dr. Christopher McGonigle and our dental team care about you and your smile, so if you ever experience any of the signs that warn you about gum disease (like red, swollen, or receding gums), we ask that you call 781-272-2875 and schedule an appointment as soon as possible. We are here to help you stop the development of this disease and save your smile!